First Generation

1. Richard NORWOOD was born in October 1590 in Stevenage, Herfordshire, England.1,2,3,4,5 He was baptized on 15 November 1590 in St Nicholas Church, Stevenage, Hertforshire, England.4 He was educated in 1600 in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, Eng.6 Richard was apprenticed to a fishmonger in 1605 in London, England.7,8 He was apprenticed to a master's mate in 1610 in Limehouse, London, England.9 In 1613–16 he was a surveyor in Bermuda or Somers Islands.5,10,11 On 30 April 1621 Richard was a surveyor in Virginia.12,13,14 On 29 March 1623 he was an engineer for the Virginia Company in West Indies.15 He owned acreage on 14 May 1623 in Virginia.16,17,18,19 On 1 November 1631 Richard was a published author in Tower Hill, London, England.20,21 In 1637 he was a published author of "The Seaman's Practice" in London, England.22,23,24 Between 1640 and 1661 he was a schoolmaster in Bermuda.25,26 Bermuda Settlers of the 17th Century, Mercer, page 166:
Col. Rec. Vol. 2 248. Nov 4, 1650. John Russell Senr & John Russell Junr & John Gilbert pledge themselves to pay £10 Sterling each yearly to Richard Norwood to teach John R, Junr & J Gilbert & to have diett, lodging & washing at the Free School house. Witnessed by James Witter. Richard in November 1640 in Bermuda.27 He migrated from in from England to Virginia28 On 14 May 1645 he was a schoolmaster in Somers Islands, BWI.29 In 1662/3 Richard was a surveyor in Bermuda or Somers Islands.30,31 He Letter on Whaling in Bermuda in 1667 in Bermuda.32 He signed a will on 1 April 1674 in Summer Islands, Bermuda.33 Bermuda Settlers of the 17th Century, Mercer, pp 139-142

In the name of God Amen. The ffirst day of Aprill in the yeare of our Lord Christ Six Hundred Seventy and ffoure I Richard Norwood of Summer Islands, surveyor of Land. Sometime master of the free school there, being aged about 84 years, but of good and perfect memory, God be praised, doe make and ordaine this my las Will and testament in manner and form following, that is to say, ffirst I commend my soule vnto Allmighty God, my maker and my merciful (Ffather) in Jesus Christ who hath redeemed me by his precious Blood from the bondage of Sinn and Sathan from Hell and Everlasting damnation, hath obtained for me the forgiueness of my sinnes, peace with God and I trust everlasting Blessednesse in his heauenly kingdome. And I will that my body be buried at the discretion of myme executors or superuisors of this my last will: and touching that temporall estate wch the Lord hath vouchsafed to me for my more comfortable subsistence in this present life. I will that it be disposed of in manner and forme following. Imprimis I make constitue and ordaine my well beloved sonne Andrew Norwood liueing at Barbadoes, together with my loueing daughter Elizabeth Witter liueing in Summer Islands, myne Executors of this my Last Will and Testament, and I doe giue and bequeath vnto my said Sonne & daughter my dwelling house, Schoole house, store house, and all other Edifices or outhouses to the same belonging, and my two shares of Land in Pembrook Tribe wch I bought of Mr fforester, whereupon I haue built the said house, moreouer I bequeath vnto my sonne and daughter a afforesaide ffoure of my Bond Servants viz Negro Tom and his wife called Besse & their two negro Sonnes, the one called Dick and the other Tom. Item I giue vnto my sonne & daughter aforesaid all Gallens' work in ffiue volumes. Item I giue & bequeath vnto my daughter Elizabeth Witter Crookes Booke of Annatomy also a great Bible in a large folio & well printed and bound wch was giuen me by my ffather Allso Cardens annals or history of Queen Elizabeths Reigne & I desire her to preserue that Bible as well as she can, and bequeath it to her second sonne James Witter at her death or before if shee please : Item I bequeath to my daughter Ann Bowen ffive pounds sterling to be paid as aforesaid And all that part of my wifes wearing apparel wch ffell to her by lott, wch she may receiue of my daughter Witter. Item I giue vnto two of my manuscripts wch amongst others are the perfectes I haue written in that kinde namely the one of Perspectiue, the other of musicke : though neither of them bee perfected according to my intent : Yet if my sonne Andrew or Mathew desires a coppy of either of them, he may take such coppye, Item I giue vnto him Mersonne his Booke of musick printed in Latine 1636 Item I giue vnto his Brother James Witter what other Booke or Bookes of mine not exceeding the value of three pounds that he shall desire within a yeare next after my decease, and the hiue of Beese fformerly deliuered him & the increase & profit thereof wthout any further account. The rest of all my Bookes Manuscripts instruments and tooles, I will that they be equally parted betweene my two sonnes aforesaid Andrew and Mathew. Item I bequeath vnto my Brother in Law Mr John Gilpin that married my sister Elizabeth deceased and to his two eldest daughters by my said sister; not knowing whether hee haue any more children, tenn pounds sterl. There being about so much in money & goods giuen to him and my said sister his late wife and his said two daughters by my ffathers will; namely to him, and to my said sister ffiue pounds sterline and some bedding, and to his two daughters twenty shillings apiece as I remember wch I offered to haue paid him in England before I came from thence wch is aout 37 yeares since, but that he refused to giue me a generall acquittance to saue me hamlesse, such as I was aduised by some learned in the Law to take of him and others to whom I paid Legacies, and since I came out of England I neuer heard from him but once wch was shortly after my coming hither. I know not whether he be liuing or where he is, wherevpon the said legacie is yet vnpaid, but my will is it should be paid being lawfully demanded and fiue pounds more, that is ffifty shillings apiece to the two daughters for ye forbearance. Item. Whereas or Honble Company for Somers Islands are indebted to me for the Renewing of ye survey of the whole Country by there order and appointment, about ten yeares past Anno 1663 & as I vnderstand by my Agent and Attorney Capt John Jenkins, the haue by warrant to there Treasurer ordered him to pay me, or to my said attorney ffifty pounds sterl : if the same be accordingly performed and paid I doe further giue & bequeath vnto my sonne Andrew aforesaid, and to his children ffifteene pounds, leaueing it to his discression to giue to his children there part & how much, when he shall thinke it meete. Item I doe giue & Bequeath vnto my sonne Mathew aforesaid besides what I former bequeathed to him ten pounds sterling not knowing whether he haue any more children. Item I giue & bequeath vnto my daughter Elizabeth Witter before mentioned, I further bequeath to her & her children here vnder nominated ffifteene pounds sterl. Namely to herselfe three pounds and to each of her children ffourty shillings - that is to say, to James Witter 40s to Thomas Witter 40s To Samuel 40s to Rachel 40s to Jonathon 40s to Elizabeth 40s. Item I doe constitute and ordaine my welbeloved sonne Andrew Norwood & my said daughter Elizabeth Witter my sole Executors of this my last will and Testament and my will is that they may nominate and appoint any other in their absence or otherwise for the due performance hereof. Item I constitute and ordaine and make my children and well beloved friend Capt Samuell of Pagets Tribe the superuisor of this my last will and Testament to see the same liuered and truly executed and performed according to my true meaning and my Trust herein expressed : moreover whereas dureing my wifes lifetime there was some Tradeing betweene my wife and my said sonne Andrew and when shee died he sayes shee was endebted to him for two or three negroes, or to that v…e though for my part I know no such thing, but ought to have knowne it if any such thing were, I did presently vpon her death let him haue a young negro man called Aurora, & so he might haue had the rest be it one or two, if he had demanded them, or had really thought thtat so much was due vnto him : he hath futher had an Indian manservant of mine called George which he transported to Carolina & there left him, of whom he had foure or ffive yeares seruice before his Transportation. Besides the vtter losse of my seruant wch I am neuer like to haue again, & the losse of Indian Besse wch died in his seruice when shee has serued him about six years all wch may satisfy him for the two or three negroes wch he claimed to bee due from my wife. Item I bequeath my Boat Sayles & appertinances to my Grandsonne Samuell Witter and also my tooles or instruments for surveying & navigation. Item I bequeath vnto Samuell Witter ffive pounds sterling Item to Thomas Witter 20s to Jonathan Witter 20s to Rachell Witter 40s. Item I giue vnto the said Rachell Witter a negro boy called Will of about a year and a halfe old, borne & now dwelling in my house which formerly I had promised her. And considering the vncertainty of the things of this life, and of what I shall leave to satisfy my debts and charges : my will is that what estate I leave my dbts being paid &c. may differenctly be distributed to hem among whom it is bequeathed so that what is wanting in money may be paid in other goods : if other goods also be wanting then to abate so much our of the Legacies as the goods wanting comes to in proportion : according to each man's part, to him or her bequeathed : there are moreouer some things that I haue not yet disposed of in my will : as of a negro man called Agge & dwelling in my house, of a negro woman called new Besse dwelling also in my house, of an Indian woman called Mary dwelling also in my house, of an Indian girl called Nan & dwelling in my house also, of a negro woman called Merea & dwelling wth Dauid Watkins, of my cowes, steeres, heifers, sheep, hoggs, household stuffe & Bedding. Plate, Pewter, Brasse, Chests great and small, my Beefe at home and abroad these I doe purpose generally to dispose of, if the Lord continue me life and health. If I should depart this life before this bee done, my will is that all those goods not diposed of in my will be indifferently valued by the superuisor of this my last will & Testament, nd that value equally and indifferently distributed & parted amongst my ffower children aforesaid. Namely Andrew Norwood, Mathew Norwood, Elizabeth Witter, Anne Bowen. And if any of these depart this life before they haue received their aforesaid Legacies, my will is that those Legacies should be equally diuided amongst those that then suruiue of my foure children aforesaid Item I constitute, ordaine and make my Christian and well beoued friend Capt John Bristow Junior another supervisor wth Capt Samuell Whally of this my Will & Testament, to see the same deiuered & truly Executed & performed, according to my true meaning & my trust in them reposed. Item I bequeath vnto the aforesaid John Bristow the sum of 40s or to that value & whereas my loueing friend Mr William Pitte is well acquainted with my affaires, I doe giue and bequeath vnto him the summe of 20s to the Intent he may be helpful to my Executors and Supervisors aforesaid by his aduise in the performance & execution of my said will. And whereas I vnderstand by Capt Whally that he is shortly to depart from hence into England, and soe not be here present when this will is to be executed I doe constitute ordaine & make my trusty & well beloued friend Mr John Bristow Senior another Superuisor with his sonne of this my said Will & Testament, to see the same dliuered and truly executed and performed & I bequeath vnto him the summe of 40s. In witness of the premises I haue subscribed my name and sett my seale the day and yeare ffirst aboue written.
Richard Norwood X
Tested p vs.
William Pitt
The mark of John Squier
John Bristow Martial

Memorandum that vpon the third day of November 1675 personally appeared before Sir John Heydon Kt Governor & ordinary of these Islands the aboue William Pitt John Squier & John Bristow Martial, Witnesses, and averred vpon their Oathes that they saw the aboue written Norwood, signe & seal ye aforewritten premises as his last Will & Testament.
William Pitt &c.
Testis Cornelius White Secretty

1672, June 11, Book V. A. p. 419
Memo that James Browne appeared & engaged to satisfy all debts & exceptions that shall be made out against Mr Andrew Norwood to be due & just by any person in Somers Islands according to law from the time of Norwood's departure from these islands for New York, to be returned against the next Assizes.
Signed by James Browne before Cornelius White, Secretary

1689, Nov. 30 Allegation of Mr William Pitt aged about 53 years, who being sworn saith that some space of time after decease of Mr Richard Norwood, he the said Pitt & Mr Richard Hanger was with Mr Andrew Norwood & his sister Mrs Elizabeth Witter at the mansion House of the above Richard Norwood, decd & there I did hear Mr Andrew Norwood & his sister agree how the land which their decd father had bequeathed to them should be divided which was that the two shares should be divided in the middle ---- & that Mrs Witter gave her brother liberty to choose which part he would have. And I heard him say he would have the north side part whereon the Mansion House was. And that his sister Witter should have the South side part & likewise they agreed that what corn & potatoes was upon the north-side share Mr Andrew Norwood was to have & what corn & potatoes was on the south-side share his sister was to have & also the school house & the rooms that joined to it which was on the north side share.

Richard Hanger swore to the truth of above Nov. 30, 1689, and the attestation is signed by William Pitt. Richard died in October 1675 at the age of 85 in Bermuda.1,34 He was buried in October 1675 in Bermuda.35,36 The estate of he was inventoried on on 4 February 1675/6.37,38 Calendar of State Papers Colonial: Volume 1, page 323, Feb 1642:
Richard Norwood to the Governor and Company of Adventurers to the Somers Islands. Detailed account of disagreements between himself and other ministers of the church, because he conceives that "the manner of catechising all sorts of men and women, especially believers, that have by their lives given good testimony of their faith," is neither fit nor lawful. Argues upon this doctrine at considerable length. Acknowledges with thankfulness the favours he has received from the Company. When he went over four years ago, the times were dangerous in England, by reason of the many innovations of the bishops in religion; "the Lord be blessed for that happy reformation, which we hear and hope of,: and he was then in danger of being called in question, which caused him to solicit his present employment. Has generally about 24 scholars; begs that his stipend may be continued. The ministers, especially Nathaniel White, have had main sway in the government the past year, Capt. Wil. Sayle, the Governor, being wholly guided by them, "whereby we have seen an experiment here of that which very few, I suppose, in England have seen, namely, of the superiority or government of ministers, or an assembly of ministers, esteeming the government to be theirs who have the most sway in it." Supposes they will hear many complaints of arbitrary proceedings, though many are gone with Captain Chaddock to Trinidad. The ministers have gone to such lengths as to "make a man quite out of love with the government of the clergy, as they are called." From Sept 1641, till Dec 1641, no news had reached them of English affairs. Has set down true copies of letters, and all other passages of moment laid to his charge. (Twenty-three pages)

Bulletin of the US National Museum, No 25, p 147:
Now, first as to the identification of this species with that so often mentioned by early writers. In the Philosophical Transactions (Royal Society of London) for 1668 appears a communication from Richard Norwood, who was the first person to survey the islands and divide them into shares. It is dated:
Bermuda, June 18, 1667
"The killing of whales, it hath been formerly attempted in vain, but within these two or three years, in the spring time and fair weather, they take sometimes one, two, or three in a day. They are less, I hear, than those in Greenland, but more quick and lively; so that if they be struck in deep water they presently make into the deep with such violence that the boat is in danger of being haled down after them if they cut not the rope in time. Therefore they usually strike them in shoal water. They have very good boats for that purpose, manned with six oars, such as they can row forwards or backwards as occasion requireth. They row up gently to the whale, and so he will scarcely shun them, and when the harpineer, standing ready fitted, sees his opportunity, he strikes his harping-iron into the whale about or before the fins rather than towards the tayle. Now, the harping-irons are like those which are usual in England in striking porpoises, but singular good metal, that will not break, but wind, as they say, about a man's hand. To the harping-iron is made fast a strong lythe rope, and into the socket of that iron is put a staff, which, when the whale is struck, comes out of the socket, and so when the whale is something quiet they hale up to him by the rope, and it may be, strike into him another harping-iron, or lance him with lancers in staves till they have killed him. This I write by relation, for I have not seen any killed myself."
The fact of their capturing the whale in shoal water proclaims it to belong to this species (Right whales), for the sperm whale, which is the only other cetacean known to visit the Bermudas, is never known to come near shore

Richard NORWOOD and Rachel BOUGHTON obtained a marriage license on 7 May 1622 in London, England.39 They39 were married on 9 May 1622 in Hertfordshire, England.1,40,41 Rachel BOUGHTON was born about 1600 in England. She died before 1674 at the age of 74 in Bermuda.42

Richard NORWOOD and Rachel BOUGHTON had the following children:






Matthew NORWOOD.



Elizabeth NORWOOD.



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